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谷歌“网络中立”立场受到质疑

来源:新华网
原标题 [谷歌“网络中立”立场受到质疑]
  新华网8月1日电 据Gizmodo报道,谷歌长期以来一直为网络中立原则摇旗呐喊,认为所有信息都应该得到平等对待。但谷歌现在已经成了网络服务提供商(ISP),这家公司的调调有点变了,而且这也不是第一次了。

  谷歌关于网络中立的立场本周受到了质疑,此前有消息显示该公司在“谷歌光纤”网络中采取了不同的政策。此前谷歌一直支持网络中立,但现在谷歌又禁止其网络用户在家庭“光纤”网络上运行服务。这意味着Minecraft服务器和Slingbox等服务都违反了谷歌的许可协议。这也和谷歌坚持的网络中立原则背道而驰,但似乎谷歌并不认为这是个问题。有用户向美国联邦通讯管理局(FCC)投诉这项服务器条款,谷歌的回应是它完全有理由禁止此类行为。

  这种方式是有危险的。首先,很明显谷歌不可能一边支持网络中立一边又违反这个原则,这很虚伪。其次,谷歌不能把其他 ISP的条款拿来作为屏蔽服务的理由(它对FCC的回应就是这么做的),而此前谷歌又一直和ISP斗争,反对他们侵害网络中立的潜在言论。这也是伪善的!

  不过,谷歌的伪善是有历史的。

  2010年8月:谷歌和Verizon达成联合政策建议,最终在网络中立问题上相互让步,这基本上就是放弃了网络中立原则。Verizon承诺坚持谷歌在有线网络上坚持的中立原则,谷歌则同意在无线网络上放松管理。在3年前移动网络还没有这么大的规模,那时候这种交易看起来还算合理。不管怎么说,这显示出谷歌在面对网络中立的真正问题时还是没有坚持原则。

  2012年9月:有人认为谷歌有时候根本不出声,这是谷歌声称坚持网络中立原则时显得最虚伪的时候。比如,AT&T在蜂窝网络上屏蔽FaceTime的时候,谷歌没有出声,一些网络中立政策的支持者都表示了不满。有些人可能说,谷歌这是避免替苹果出头,但本质上,这项违反网络中立的事件影响到了每个公司。

  2013年5月:此前一段时间AT&T停止屏蔽FaceTime并允许Hangouts使用蜂窝网络。几个月后,AT&T很明显地屏蔽了谷歌Hangouts数据,这次谷歌也没有出声。重要的仍然是谷歌没有做什么,而不是它作了什么。“以前的谷歌可能会起来反抗,公开表示这是个问题。他们在这个问题上保持沉默,这对我来说是最大的忧虑。”支持网络中立的Free Press组织领导人德里克·特纳说。

  译者:林杉

  

  Google"s Sordid History of Net Neutrality Hypocrisy

  Google is a company that"s long stood up for the principles of net neutrality, the idea that all packets of information on the internet should be treated equally. But now that it"s an internet service provider, the company"s changing its tune. It"s not the first time.

  Google"s stance on net neutrality is being called into question again this week after revelations that the company engaged in a little bit of doublespeak when it comes to the new Google Fiber network. Despite countless statements supporting net neutrality in the past, Google now forbids its new ISP customers from running servers on their home Fiber networks. This means that everything from a Minecraft server to a Slingbox would violate Google"s terms of service. This also runs in direct conflict with the principles of net neutrality, but Google doesn"t seem to think it"s a problem. After a potential customer filed a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission over the server clause in the terms of service, Google responded by saying that it was completely within its rights to block this behavior.

  This is dicey for a few different reasons. First of all, the obvious: Google can"t exactly champion the principles of net neutrality on one hand and then sneak in a policy that violates those principles on the other. That"s hypocritical/ The company also can"t cite the policies of the other ISPs as justification for blocking the use of servers on its network as it did in its recent response to the FCC, after spending years standing up to those ISPs and their potentially anti-neutrality stances on internet regulation. That"s hypocritical, too!

  But Google"s got a bit of a history when it comes to being hypocritical.

  August 2010: In a move that was basically a white flag over its previous net neutrality efforts, the company famously forged a partnership with Verizon for a joint policy proposal that amounted to a give and take over net neutrality. Verizon committed to upholding the principles of net neutrality that Google prefers for the wired web, while Google agreed to far weaker regulation of wireless networks. This tradeoff probably seemed much more reasonable three years ago when mobile web traffic wasn"t on such a bull run. Either way, it was a clear example of Google folding its hand when it came to real challenges to net neutrality.

  September 2012: Some say that Google"s hypocrisy on net neutrality is most noticeable when the company simply didn"t say anything at all. For example, Google didn"t say a word about AT&T blocking FaceTime over cellular connections, a move that had net neutrality advocates up in arms. Some might write this off as Google avoiding fighting Apple"s battles, but the fact of the matter is that these offenses against net neutrality affect every company.

  May 2013: Google stayed silent a few months later, too, when AT&T appeared to be blocking the data stream for Google Hangouts on its network. This came after AT&T folded on its FaceTime blocking and supposedly allowed Hangouts over the cellular network. Again, it was less about what Google did than what it didn"t do. "The Google of old would"ve stood up and been public about there being a problem," Derek Turner, research director for the pro-Net Neutrality group Free Press, told Gizmodo. "Their silence to me on this issue is what"s worrying." (来源:新华国际)
news.sohu.com false 新华网 http://news.xinhuanet.com/world/2013-08/01/c_125100943.htm report 4662 新华网8月1日电 据Gizmodo报道,谷歌长期以来一直为网络中立原则摇旗呐喊,认为所有信息都应该得到平等对待。但谷歌现在已经成了网络服务提供商(IS

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